Cheese

Cheese

Powered by BSurprised WP-WikiBox Creative Commons License From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [+]

A platter with cheese and garnishes
A variety of cheeses for sale in Amsterdam.

Cheese is a food derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein. It comprises proteins and fat from milk, usually the milk of cows, buffalo, goats, or sheep. During production, the milk is usually acidified, and adding the enzyme rennet causes coagulation. The solids are separated and pressed into final form. Some cheeses have molds on the rind or throughout. Most cheeses melt at cooking temperature.

Hundreds of types of cheese from various countries are produced. Their styles, textures and flavors depend on the origin of the milk (including the animal's diet), whether they have been pasteurized, the butterfat content, the bacteria and mold, the processing, and aging. Herbs, spices, or wood smoke may be used as flavoring agents. The yellow to red color of many cheeses, such as Red Leicester, is produced by adding annatto. Other ingredients may be added to some cheeses, such as black peppers, garlic, chives or cranberries.

For a few cheeses, the milk is curdled by adding acids such as vinegar or lemon juice. Most cheeses are acidified to a lesser degree by bacteria, which turn milk sugars into lactic acid, then the addition of rennet completes the curdling. Vegetarian alternatives to rennet are available; most are produced by fermentation of the fungus Mucor miehei, but others have been extracted from various species of the Cynara thistle family.

Cheese is valued for its portability, long life, and high content of fat, protein, calcium, and phosphorus. Cheese is more compact and has a longer shelf life than milk, although how long a cheese will keep may depend on the type of cheese; labels on packets of cheese often claim that a cheese should be consumed within three to five days of opening. Generally speaking, hard cheeses last longer than soft cheeses, such as Brie or goat's milk cheese. Cheesemakers near a dairy region may benefit from fresher, lower-priced milk, and lower shipping costs. The long storage life of some cheese, especially if it is encased in a protective rind, allows selling when markets are favorable.

A specialist seller of cheese is sometimes known as a cheesemonger. Becoming an expert in this field requires some formal education and years of tasting and hands-on experience, much like becoming an expert in wine or cuisine. The cheesemonger is responsible for all aspects of the cheese inventory: selecting the cheese menu, purchasing, receiving, storage, and ripening. [...]

Recipes With Ingredient: Cheese

lidia-zuppa-inglese

Italian Rum Cake – Zuppa Inglese

Average Rating: (0 / 5)

This moist, creamy, and flavorful dessert, zuppa inglese (“ English soup”), has its roots in the English trifle and it ...

Read more
aarti_superbowl_lasagna01

Lasagna Cupcakes with Sausage and Mango Chutney

Average Rating: (5 / 5)

Recipe courtesy Aarti Sequeira Aarti Sequeira’s new show, Taste In Translation, a Cooking Channel original series airs Friday nights at at 9:00PM ET / 6:00PM PT. On Taste ...

Read more
aarti_superbowl_spinach01

Smoky Spinach Artichoke Dip

Average Rating: (5 / 5)

Recipe courtesy Aarti Sequeira Aarti Sequeira’s new show, Taste In Translation, a Cooking Channel original series airs Friday nights at at 9:00PM ET / 6:00PM PT. On Taste ...

Read more
beer_cheese_07

Cheddar-Ale Soup

Average Rating: (0 / 5)

This soup is really yummy and really easy to make. In it’s most basic form, it isn’t the healthiest recipe, ...

Read more
fancygrilledcheese01
grilledcheese06

Broiled Grilled Cheese with Tomato on Brown Bread

Average Rating: (0 / 5)

This is how I like my grilled cheese. Perfect for a quick lunch or a snack or even for a ...

Read more
grilledcheese01

Classic Grilled Cheese

Average Rating: (0 / 5)

This is an old standard that I do for the kids for lunch or a snack or for lunch with ...

Read more
cheesedreams01

Cheese Dreams

Average Rating: (0 / 5)

This is the number one requested appetizer at my annual family Christmas party.

Read more
macandcheese

One Dish Macaroni and Cheese

Recipe Type: Tags: , , , ,
Average Rating: (0 / 5)

A delicious one dish Macaroni and Cheese.

Read more
weddingsoup01

Wedding Soup

Average Rating: (5 / 5)

Perfect for lunch, just add a loaf of French bread and a bit of the white wine used in the ...

Read more